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Moscow
Moscow is the capital and the most populous city in Russia, its heart, its political, economic, cultural, educational and religious center. Moscow is also considered to be the seventh largest city in the world with more than 10,5 million people living there.

Moscow is an ancient fortress, the former residence of Tsars, and the present-day residence of the Russian President and Government. The city is a powerful transport hub with four international airports, nine railroad terminals, and the Moscow Metro comprising 182 stations. Moscow has got a number of interesting epithets describing its size, appearance, and importance for the nation such as the Third Rome, the Whitestone Moscow.

Moscow's Kremlin is the potent symbol of architectural beauty and cultural significance. The enigmatic Kremlin contains enough treasures for several days of sightseeing. It is one of the largest museums in the world and a perfect place to begin your tour of Moscow. Distant parts of Kremlin resemble a medieval town. The towers and walls of the Kremlin were erected by Grand Duke Ivan III, in 1485-1495, and their overall length is more than 2 kilometers with not less than 20 defensive towers.

Within the Kremlin walls one will also find a few magnificent and well-preserved cathedrals and churches which played a crucial role in the history of Orthodox Christianity. The Kremlin complex contains a number of palaces and historic venues to be visited: Great Kremlin palace, Terem Palace, Senate Building, the Arsenal, State Kremlin Palace, the Armory, Tsar Cannon and Tsar Bell. Tsar Cannon is a unique artillery artifact more than five meters long with a caliber 890 millimeters. And still it had never been used in military action. The Tsar Bell, the world's largest bell weighing over 200 tons, stands on a pedestal in the Kremlin. The visitors of the Kremlin can observe the relief work on the bell's surface, portraying Jesus, Virgin Mary, John the Baptist, Russian tsars and their patron saints.

Red Square has always been the heart and soul of Russia. Numerous city tours begin on the central square which had witnessed so many historical events and absorbed them with its every particle. From the 16th century St. Basil's Cathedral to the pyramid of Lenin's Mausoleum will tell a wonderful story of the country's past. The mausoleum is rather small from the outside, but it has two underground floors which were used to house the deceased VIPs and the Kremlin guards. There was also a laboratory to embalm the bodies.

The Kazan Cathedral, another tourist attraction, was built in the 17th century in honor of the Virgin of Kazan icon. In 1812, during the Napoleonic wars, there was a prayer service in the Cathedral pleading to protect the country. The service was attended by Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov. The circular stone platform which stands before St. Basil's Cathedral was used when crowds gathered on Red Square. Nearby public executions took place, and from this place the orders of the Grand Princes were announced.

When church and state were inseparable, cathedrals became the symbol of power. Moscow's cathedrals are different in style, but all have the potential to impress. The most famous cathedrals of Moscow include: Kazan Cathedral, the Cathedral of the Archangel, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Cathedral of the Annunciation, and the Cathedral of the Twelve Apostles.

Moscow was often called "the world capital of museums", with the Museum of Ancient Russian Art, State Tretyakov Gallery, State Pushkin Museum of Visual Art, and State Museum of the East, State Historical Museum, the Kremlin Armory Museum and the Palace of the Romanov Boyars being the most popular ones. Moscow is one of the greenest capitals in the world, with 100 parks and even more gardens and boulevards, and surely a very interesting place to visit.






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getting from Moscow to St. Petersburg