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Amsterdam: attractions, landmarks, and excursions

During a tour of Amsterdam you will get acquainted with various aspects of the life and history of this city. Walking around Amsterdam and admiring its outlook, you may learn a lot about the city's economy, its culture and art, about life and morals of its inhabitants, connecting these topics to the monuments of material culture: streets and squares, canals and buildings.

Amsterdam's attractions are numerous: they must be seen and felt at a close distance to get the idea of their spirit. The city tour will include the most interesting and unusual places in the city, which distinguish Amsterdam from other European capitals. This is primarily a network of city canals, houseboats, barges, a typical architecture of Amstersdam, coffeeshops, the red block and much more. Despite the abundance of attractions of different styles and eras, the center of Amsterdam is a well-preserved city-port of the 17th-18th centuries representing the period of the Netherlands' most impressive flourishing.

The Golden Age of the Netherlands was a period of the highest development of the Dutch Republic, when its political, social and cultural potential revealed in full for the first time. The 17th century was so important for the city that it led to a resolute turn in the development of Amsterdam causing the accumulation of material resources, the increase of wealth, and the creation of outstanding works of art. The century of building boom gave the humanity some outstanding masterpieces of architecture in Amsterdam: the houses of rich citizens along the canals lined with limes and elms, the building of the East India Company and Arsenal, numerous churches and, of course, the city hall - a key symbol of the city's freedoms. Amsterdam retained many features of the medieval city divided into districts and neighbourhoods for brewers, shoemakers, bakers and so on. Evidence of these traditions is preserved in many homes, town boards, and street names reflecting the activity of their inhabitants.

The City Center includes the Dam Square, the city hall, the market and the port. Amsterdam has always attracted tourists with its harmony and its well-designed plan. It is hard to imagine that one of the most beautiful cities in Europe began with a small settlement built on the marshes. City houses are built on reclaimed from the sea marsh lands. The Royal Palace on Dam Square is the main architectural monument of Amsterdam. It was built in 1648-1655 when Amsterdam was the largest center of maritime trade and the capital of the empire. Originally, this building served as town hall and was the largest and most luxurious in the city. Prior to its construction, there had been no big houses in Amsterdam, and it was a good reason: swampy ground simply could not afford it.

After dusk, one can plunge into the festive spirit of the red-light district. Mixing with the crowd of local people and guests from all over the world, you get introduced to Amsterdam's nightlife. At sunset, when the taverns and coffee shops are filled with people, take a closer look at the city's inhabitants. Here one feels an unusual mix of smells of food, alcohol and love perfumed air. In Amsterdam, one gets exotic products of different shapes and colors. Strip-cafes, the museum of sex and erotic shows, gay clubs - the red light district has it all.

Reyksmuseum (the National Museum) is one of the most famous museums in the world. It assembles the largest collection of Dutch painting. During your tour you will learn about the history of the museum and its expositions, and see the examples of masterpieces of the collection. State Van Gogh Museum has the world's largest collection of works by the artist. During the tour, you will talk about the life of Van Gogh. If desired, there can be trips to other museums in Amsterdam, and especially to the Maritime Museum and the Museum of the Tropics.